Donation that matters the most
Life is followed by death, ‘a truth of nature’. No one knows where, when, or in what circumstances death occurs, but people are so much engrossed in the present that they fail to realize the uncertainty of their future.
Focus should be given to collect those things that are needed for future. We can earn sanity by doing only decent deeds during our lifetime. No matter what religion one follows, through moral action we can be spiritually liberated.
Every day we are seeing the slogan saying – ‘donate blood, save life’ and the donation of blood
means saving other lives. Though many of us have donated blood to others in need and saved their lives, some of us still do not know the benefits of it and are also not aware that donating blood to others has no harm. Mr. Arjun Prasad Gyawali, a Nepali citizen in America, has donated blood for more than 100 times and has been trying to encourage others to donate blood clarifying its importance. Some have even donated bone marrow and platelets. Some Nepali organizations, such as Newah Organizaiton of America and BrtNepal are also organizing blood donation programs. This proves that the Nepalese people are fully devoted to support people in difficulties and problems–always working for the mankind and humanity. Different countries have their own rules and regulations regarding the blood donation, anyone can contact their respective Red Cross Offices to know more about donations. Blood donation is not new to us; most of us have either donated blood or have heard about it, but organ donation is new and many of us are unaware about how it might be possible to donate one’s organ and transplant into a different individual’s body. Human body has potentials beyond life–even after death, our organs can give life to someone in need of such organs.
Religious beliefs about organ donation
The provision of organ donation has been permitted by all the religions like Hinduism,
Christianity, Buddhism, Islam, and Sikhism. The holy leaders of the respective religions have
already accepted that the donation of body organs after death is a respectable service for
humankind and they have also raised their voices in the various forums in this regard. Mathieu 10:8 says, “Since you got your body free – you donate for free to help sick people”. As per the Catholics, Pope Jhon Paul in his letter to the God has said that the precious body that we got from the God should be given to others as the God’s precious gift in the form of organ donation. Likewise, Islam says, “It is not ideal to play with your body after death”, however Sariya has allowed the donation since it could save someone’s life. Buddhism encourages the donation as the religion itself is based on donation. Whereas according to Hinduism, “The soul wants to leave your body then it’s natural to leave your body, i.e. body organ donation is permitted. A person wears new clothes and leaves the old one behind; similarly, the soul leaves an old body and enters a new one.
Nepal’s law on organ transplantation
Eye donation and kidney transplantation are popular in Nepal; bone marrow transplantation has also been started. Organ transplant is guided by Human Body Organ Transplantation Act 1998 and Kidney Transplantation (Regulation and Prohibition) 2002. The bill to amend Organ Transplantation (Regulation and Prohibition) Act 1998 that was passed by parliament in 2016 eased the organ transplantation. The Act of 1998 has allowed organ transplantation only between close relatives like son, daughter, mother, father, brother, sister, maternal uncle, grandfather, grandmother or legally adopted family members. As the Organ Transplantation (Regulation and Prohibition)- 2016 was passed with the initiation of Health Minister Gagan Thapa, liver transplantation has also been started in Nepal and the way for the donation and transplantation of eye, kidney, lungs, heart, pancreas and small intestine was legally opened. If a person has a written statement wishing not to donate his body organ after his/her death, the family members of that person are not allowed to donate the body organs after his/her death; this has been ensured by the new regulation. The act has defined the family members of the organ donor as: spouse, children, parents, adopted children, siblings, grandparents, grandchildren and parents in laws. Likewise, the family members of the organ recipient includes spouse, children, adopted children, parents, parents adopting the children, step parents, grandparents, grandchildren, siblings, uncle, aunts, cousins, nephew, niece, and in-laws.
In Nepal, transplantation service of the organs like retina (1995), kidney (2002), bone marrow (2005) and liver (2016) has already been started but the service for the transplantation of heart, lungs, pancreas and small intestine has not yet started though those organs could be transplanted. The person with brain death could donate pairs of eyes, kidney, lungs, heart and pancreas. To strengthen the organ donation system in Nepal, a clear policy should be developed so that maximum people could benefit with the service. For this, 24-hour availability of clinical experts and the lists of persons who need to transplant the organs should be ensured. In the developed countries like America, there is a clear provision for the donation and transplantation of the organs in the law. They have developed the lists of the organ donors and recipients, and organ matching and compatibility technology is also available due to which maximum people have benefited.
Global facts of organ transplantation
According to the World Health Organization, 39 million people are living with complete blindness and 246 million people are living with partial blindness. World Health Organization has initiated a worldwide campaign addressing the blindness problem reporting that 80 percent of blindness could be prevented with early treatment and care of the eyes. People who are blind by birth and those who develop blindness later are waiting to see the world through the eyes of the donors.
२२ पुष २०७४, शनिबार १९:३३ मा प्रकाशित