धेरै नेपाली वैज्ञानिक, इन्जीनियर र चिकित्सक बस्ने राज्य
प्रा. डा. दुर्गा दाहाल
मासाचुसेटस MASSACHUSETTS (MA)
Massachusetts is a New England state and अंग्रेजहरूबाट मुक्त भएका १३ वटा कोलोनियल (Colonial) राज्यहरू मध्ये एक हो । यस राज्यलाई Commonwealth of Massachusetts पनि भनिन्छ । मासाचुसेटस राज्यबाट क्रान्तिको ज्वाला सल्किएको थियो र अंग्रेजहरूले क्मश: अमेरिका छाडेका थिए । यो राज्य संयुक्त राज्य अमेरिकामा मिसिने छैठौँ राज्य हो । Massachusetts has been quite significant in the history of the United States and is associated with many important and historic events of the past, such as the Boston Tea Party, Mayflower, Boston Massacre, etc.
Massachusetts is geographically located in the northeastern part of the United States. It is a coastal state and is also known as the “Bay State”. It is 10,565 square miles in size. यस राज्यमा यहाँको जनसंख्या 7 मिलियनभन्दा बढ़ी छ ।The state is named after the natives that originally inhabited the area, known as “Massachusett”. यो राज्यको सबैभन्दा पुरानो सहर Plymouth हो । सन १६२० मा यो सहर बसेको थियो । बोस्टन पनि यो राज्यको पुरानो सहर हो जहाँ ठूलो संख्यामा नेपालीहरू निकै लामो समयदेखि बसोबास गर्छन ।Boston is also the capital city of Massachusetts. Some other key cities are Springfield, Salem, Cambridge, and Worcester.
The leading industries in Massachusetts include life sciences, biotechnology, maritime trade, engineering, information technology, finance, tourism as well as hydro education. It is also home to some of the best universities in the world, i.e. Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boston University, Tufts University, Northeastern University, and Boston College among others. Needless to say, this state has produced plenty of scholars, celebrities, and famous personalities.
फ़रवरी 6, 1788 मा बोस्टनका John Adams अमेरिकाका प्रथम Vice President थिए भने उनी अमेरिकाका दोश्रो राष्ट्रपति pani थिए । John Quincy Adams (6th), John F. Kennedy (35th) and George H W Bush (41st) presidents were also from this state. Other known personalities that call Massachusetts home are Samuel Adams (patriot), Susan B. Anthony (women’s rights activist), Alexander Graham Bell (inventor of the telephone), Edgar Allen Poe (Poet), Henry David Thoreau (philosopher), Uma Thurman (actress), Mark Wahlberg (actor), among many others.
There are a lot of interesting facts that Massachusetts is associated with. पहिलो Amazon lighthouse को स्थापना Boston सहरमा सन 1716 मा भएको थियो ।अमेरिकाको सबैभन्दा पहिलो पार्क Boston मै स्थापना भएको हो । This state has also contributed heavily towards the history of sports. Basketball was invented in 1891 at Springfield, MA by James Naismith. Only four years later, volleyball was invented in Holyoke, MA by William G. Morgan. Perhaps, this is why it still is so enthusiastic about sports and houses really great sports teams such as the Boston Celtics and the Boston Red Sox.
मासाचुसेटसमा नेपालीहरू अनुमानित २०,००० भन्दा बढ़ी छन । प्राध्यापक, वैज्ञानिक, इन्जीनियर, चिकित्सक, साहित्यकार, व्यापारीहरु जमेरै बसेका छन । यस राज्यमा सर्वप्रथम पाईला टेक्ने नेपालीहरूमा प्रह्लाद के. सी, (1976 ), रमेश पन्त, डा. अम्बिका प्र अधिकारी, प्रवीन तामांग र सोनाम गोर्मे पर्दछन । Mr. Prahlad KC has been a long term resident and a significant contributor towards the Nepalese community. He is professionally a management specialist and has been leading various national and international economic development projects. He has led projects with the ADB (Asian Development Bank), UNDP (United Nations Development Program), and local NGOs. He continues to be an active Social and Community leader in the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, especially in the programs geared toward improving life for the immigrant communities.
Other than Boston, the cities of Somerville, Springfield and Worcester house a large Nepali community. Currently, the greater Worcester area is also densely populated with the Bhutanese refugees who have settled here in the past few years. There are also a lot of students and professionals who have found this state appealing due to various reasons.
Some Nepalese have chosen MA as their home as it provides them with opportunities in the technology sector. Some come here for the best education and never leave. Some truly are here for the wonderful healthcare that this state provides that is available to a lot of people, contrary to other states in the United States. Some are also here because of the easy availability of public transportation which makes it easy to find several job opportunities. It also does not hurt that this state is so close to New York, which is a huge hub of the Nepalese community.
There are many organizations that serve this state. Some of them are:
* संघ– संगठनहरू:
- Greater Boston Nepalese Community (GBNC) Estd: 1990
सर्वप्रथम प्रह्लाद के. सी, डा. अम्बिका प्र. अधिकारी र त्यसबखतका नेपाली विद्यार्थीहरूले यो संगठनको शुरूवात गरेका थिए । स्पस्टरूपमा भन्ने हो भने, प्रह्लाद के. सी कै डेरामा यसको जन्म भएको थियो ।त्यसबखतका Harvard र MIT का विद्यार्थीहरूले यो जमर्को गरेका थिए ।
Founding President: Arun Adhikari, Current President: Aryan Kunwar
- अनेसास (INLS) President: Yam Poudel
- NRN : ( estd: 2015 )
- Pralhad K.C
- Usha Sharma
- Prem Poudel
- Shanta Pandey (Scientist)
- Kalpana Khanal
- Kalpana Acharya (Scientist)
- Garima Rana ( Dentist )
- Krishna Raj Khanal
- Shiva Prakash
- Yam Poudel
- Dinesh Karki
- Manoj Adhikari
- Santosh Rimal
महिला अधिकारकर्मीहरू (only a few):
- Rukmini Karki
- Shila Pradhan
- Shanti Joshi
- Kalpana Shrestha
- Nirmala Shrestha
- Ishwari Adhikari
- Sonu Silwal
- Azad Pradhan
- Hajuri Singh Thakuri
- गोवर्धन पूजा (वरिष्ठ उपाध्यक्ष, अनेसास)
- महेश्वर पन्त
- दीपा राई पुन
- लाल गोपाल सुवेदी
- हरी प्र. काफ्ले, “ शैव “
- ममता कर्माचार्य
- अनु शाह
यस राज्यमा नेपालीहरू restaurants, gas stations, grocery stores, liquor stores र IT appliances का पसलहरू संचालन गर्दछन ।
- Himalayan Bistro
- Proprietor: Ram Dhital
- Proprietor: Ranjan Budhathoki
- Himalayan Kitchen
- Proprietor: Binod Pradhan
In conclusion, Massachusetts is a state that is a perfect mix of history, culture, newness, diversity, and a lot of opportunities for everyone. This state will continue attracting the Nepalese community by huge numbers in the coming days.
( सहयोगी : प्रह्लाद के. सी, रूचि रजिना दाहाल )
२१ श्रावण २०७७, बुधबार १९:४५ मा प्रकाशित